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Elizabeth Jean Poore

Eliza Poore Hicks, and husband Robert H. Hicks; my great-great-grandmother.

liza was born October 18, 1841 in Claiborne County. Her son William T. Poore was my great grandfather. After William’s birth she married Robert Hicks. She had five children. Two of her sons, James Washington and John Hicks, left Tennessee and first went to Texas, eventually settling in Oklahoma, near Albion. I know little of her daughter Elizabeth. A son Robert is listed as 6 months old in the 1880 census. I believe that he died at a young age. In the early 1980’s I spoke with the grandson of Eliza. He owned a substantial ranch, 1500 acres with 600 cattle. I asked him why the family left Tennessee. He said Tennessee had “mighty poor soil”. He said it was very difficult to make a living. I have found the Hicks family to be very helpful with my research. Jamie Gilbert, Eliza’s gggrandaughter sent me a picture of Eliza and Robert Hicks. Jamie is an educator in Oklahoma. She also shared a letter my great grandfather sent her family weeks before his death. The tone of the letter made it evident that he was very close to his Oklahoma family. My father remembered his father visiting Uncle Jim Hicks in Oklahoma. It seems that my contact with Jamie brings the family full circle. Eliza had the following children: William T. Poore, James Washington Hicks, John Hicks, Robert Hicks and Liz Hicks. Pam Meredith, a distant cousin and great-great granddaughter of Eliza and Robert indicated to me that her father told her that Robert and Eliza collected and sold ginsing root, and that later in their life lived in a wagon. Family history states that Robert froze to death in a snow storm in the Cumberland Mountains. This is an interesting bit of family history. When Eliza died in 1893 she was only 52 years of age.

W.T. Poore is my great grandfather

Jesse's Sullivan County Family

As I stated earlier, I believe Jesse had two families, one from his first marriage and the second as a result of his marriage to my great-great-great grandmother, Mary Morris in 1814.

Jesse purchased land in Sullivan County in 1807 and is listed on the tax rolls with David Poore in 1812. David is not listed as owning property. He may have been Jesse’s son. If I had to venture a guess I would say he was Jesse’s son, born prior to 1795. David and Jesse do appear in the census report for Sullivan County in 1830. William Poore is also listed in the 1830 census. William was born in North Carolina in 1804. If he was Jesse’s son this means that Jesse had to be in North Carolina in 1804. William is listed in the report as living next to Benjamin Shipley. His property was in Poor Valley, close to Cook Valley on the north side of the Holston River---across the river from Jesse.

My research also lists John Poore born in 1810 and a John Poore, born in 1824. I believe that John born in 1810 to be the son of Jesse. I believe that John born in 1824, to be the son of William. I believe William R. Poore, born in 1828 to also be the son of William. He is listed on the 1850 census with a son William.

John Decatur Poore (1824) married Mary V. Duncan on November 11, 1840 near Elizabethton, Carter County, Tennessee. Mary's father Enoch is listed as living with the family in the 1860 census for Sullivan County. Mary died on September 17, 1886 and is buried in the Paperville Cemetery. In her book on Sullivan County, Shelby Edwards referred to John as a "molder by occupation", which to me means, he may have worked in the Pactolus Iron Works with Jesse Poore, who I believe to be his father. On January 3, 1848 he enlisted in the Tennessee Volunteers, Co. K, 5th Regiment. He was discharged as a private on July 20, 1848. This was during the Mexican American War. He purchased 160 acres of land six miles south of Bristol, and a half-mile from Paperville.

John Decatur and his son Robert J., enlisted as privates in Company D, 8th Regiment of the Union Army, Tennessee Calvary Volunteers. While on a sabotage mission on December 18, 1864 at Marion, Virginia, John was captured, taken to Lynchburg and later on January 3, 1865 he was confined to prison at Richmond, Virginia. He was furloughed on February 27, 1865 and mustered out at Knoxville, Tennessee on September 11, 1865 as a sergeant (Edwards, 1991).

The children of Mary Duncan and John are listed as Robert J. "Bob", F. Murray, James, Mary Jane, Elizabeth, John D. and Nancy Evelyn King. Robert Poore married Melvissa Peters on March 13, 1866 in Sullivan County.

Nancy Pore

Deanna Bennett another Poore researcher indicated to me that Nancy Pore married John Cook (Koch) in 1825 in Sullivan County. Jacob Cook settled in Sullivan County in 1801. His property was across the Holston River from Jesse. William Poore (1804) named one of his daughters Nancy. Nancy Pore Cook and John's children were David, Sarah Ann, Barbara, Kissie, John, Jacob, Jesse and Ann. Nancy could have named her son David after the David listed with Jesse on the tax rolls of 1812. John could have been named after John (1810) who I believe to be Jesse's son and brother to Nancy. Her son Jacob was obviously named after her husband's father Jacob. Her son Jesse was named after the person I believe to be his grandfather, my great-great-great grandfather Jesse Poore. Nancy's last child Ann shares the name with the first daughter in Jesse's second marriage to Mary Morris. The family relationship seems obvious to me, although I cannot prove it. I decided to research this connection and found additional information. The 1850 census for Bartholomew, Indiana lists Nancy Cook, age 43, born in Tennessee, with her husband John, 50 born in Virginia. Children listed were David, age 20, Nancy age 18, Rebecca age 12, John age 12, Jacob age 10, Ann age 8 and Jesse age 4. In 1860 the family had moved to Casper County, Illinois. John age 60 is listed with a new wife, Abigail, age 50, born in Pennsylvania. Nancy had died. Also listed are John age 22, Jacob 20, Jesse 14, Joshua B. Craig 14, and Stephen H. Craig, age 12. The last two children are obviously the children from Abigail’s first marriage. The family lived in dwelling 400. In dwelling 404 David Cook, age 30 and his wife Ann, age 17 and a child, Mary, age 3. In 1880 John S.C. Cook, age 41 is living in dwelling 110 with Mary, age 34, William A., age 18, John age 16, Sarah, Resa, age7, Peter L., age 5 and Enis, age 2. In dwelling 113 Jesse Cook, age 34, Elizabeth age 33, David age 8 and Harriet, age 2 are in residence. Jesse died on June 5, 1894 in Indianapolis, Indiana. He was 48 years old. The evidence is circumstantial, but somewhat compelling.

Robert Pore

I did locate a Robert “Pore” in Washington County marriage records. He is listed as marrying Jane Ricker on August 14, 1822. He is listed as living next door to Elijah Embree. The odds that this is random event seems remote to me. It further leads me to speculate that Robert may have a family relationship to Jesse. This is very compelling considering Jesse’s relationship with the Embree brothers. Many of Jesse’s property deeds were witnessed by Elijah Embree. On March 26, 2008 while checking the DNA matches on the Power DNA web site I noticed a new DNA sample identified as belonging to Albert Poore. The DNA markers were identical to Jesse Poor. I contacted the contact person listed and determined that Albert was 88 years old and lived in Tennessee. His daughter indicated that he was the gggrandson of Isaac Poor who was born in Tennessee in 1822. He thought Isaac’s father maybe a Robert Poor. I knew the answer to that question. Isaac was the son of Robert and Jane Ricker Poor. Robert was married to Jane until 1841 when I believe she died giving birth to their daughter Nancy. Robert then married Elizaberth Sizemore in 1844. In the 1850 census for Carter County, Tennessee Isaac, age 21 and his wife Viny (Melvina) live next door to Robert and Elizabethb. Logic would indicate that Robert is Jesse’s son. Genetics proves that he is either Jesse’s son or at least his nephew. I believe that he is his son. Anne Poore is also listed as marrying Jacob Hufhines on November 4, 1829 in Washington County. Robert’s descendants are:

It was believed that Alexander Poore moved to Rockwood, Tennessee from North Carolina, Alexander Poore was said to have been one of the area's first settlers and owned a large river bottom farm which was sold to a Dr. Phillips and eventually to TVA and as of Sept 8, 1965, his house site is the site of the Rockwood Beach. Alexander and Frances had about 12 Children. Sadie was supposedly the oldest. the members of this family was said to have died of "the Galloping TB" and Alex Poore lost "10 children in eleven years."
He recieved a Civil War pension under the name Alexander H. Poore. He disappeared in later life. The information on Alexander comes from the work of Jason Hyer.

The 1830 census index for Sullivan County lists only Jesse, David and William Poor. As I reviewed the actual census images I found two William Poores. Jesse Pore is listed on page 339. In the house is a male 15-20 years old (Richard), two females 20-30. One could be a daughter from a previous marriage. The ages would be perfect. The other is Mary his wife. There is also a woman, 60 to 70 years old. This could be a sister or possibly Mary’s mother. Missing from the home are Mason, age 13, Sarah, age 11, Baxter 5, and Henry.

Four residences from Jesse is a David Poore, 30-40 years old. This places David as born between 1790-1800. Because he was with Jesse in 1807 and lives so close in 1830, logic would dictate that David is Jesse's son. Living with David are two males under 5 (Baxter and Henry?). The close proximity of Jesse and David would seem to support a family relationship. Page 344 of the census lists William Poore, 23 years of age with one male under 5, two girls under five, one girl (10-15, Sarah?), and one female 30-40 years of age. Page 347 lists another William Poore between 20-30 years of age, one male under 5, one female 5-10, and one female 20-30.

In the 1860 census in dwelling 974 you find John Poore, age 22, farm laborer and his wife Jane (22), daughter Mary E. (1) and son William, one month. In dwelling #889 you find Jesse Poore (24), wife Martha (28) and daughter Sarah, 11 months old. At dwelling #1057 you find John Poor (36), furnace hand, Mary (34), Robert (18, farm laborer), James (9), Mary J. (7) and Elizabeth (3). Jesse also received pay as a furnace hand. Also living in the household is F.M. Poor (16) and Enock Duncan (60), Mary’s father, and Susan Sells (26), housekeeper. In dwelling #892 you find John Poore (50), wife Mary (49) and Eliza E. (28), Lucy Ann (20), Martha J. (18), Mary (15), James (14), July Ann (11), Sarah (9), and Samuel G. (7). Note that this dwelling is only three homes from Jesse Poore in dwelling #889.

In the Eden Ridge District we find William Poor (54) farmer, property worth $2000 and personal estate worth $1200. Living with him are his wife Ann (52) and the following children: Rachel (23), Perica (20), both listed as unable to read or write, Claton (17), John J. (15) and Permelia (10). Josiah C. Poore, the son of Baxter Poore was living in Claiborne County in 1860. By 1880 he is still living in Claiborne County with his wife Permelia, age 30. It is significant that such a thing would occur on a random basis. I believe this Permelia to be Williams Poore’s daughter from the 1850 census of Sullivan County. We also find William Porr (32), Frances Crawford Poore (30), Ellen (4), Noah (3) and Permelia (6 months). There are additional Poores in Sullivan County in 1860, including Jesse Por (21) and Mary Jane (26) in dwelling #582.

Early in my research I was in contact with Poore family members in Sullivan County. The most prominent researcher did not believe that John Poore and his descendants were related to Jesse Poore. The belief was that John Poore and his family descended from a LePore line in New Orleans, although there was no proof, only what I refer to as family legend.

I believe that the early Poore’s in Sullivan County are related to or descendants of Jesse Poore. The following list of Poore names illustrates this belief. Look also at family geographic proximity in the census reports. It seems very unlikely that these Poore individuals were not related. Given the limited and specific distribution of the Poore family in Tennessee and North Carolina at this time in history further supports this belief.

Early 1800’s

    Jesse Poor-born 1769
    David Poore-born 1790-1800
    (Both on 1812 tax list)

    John Poore-born 1810
    William Robert Poore-born 1804
    John Poore-born 1824, son of William Poore
    William Robert Poore, Jr-born 1828

1830 Census

    Jesse Pore
    Davis Poore—four houses from Jesse, 30/40 years of age. His son?
    William Poore-23 years old.
    William Poore-20/30 years of age, David’s son?

    Washington County 1830
    Robert Poore-30/40 years of age. Lived next to Elijah Embree, Jesse’s neighbor in Sullivan County.

1860 Census

Age Residence
John Poore 22 974
Son William 1 month
Jesse Poore 24 889
John Poor 36 (Son of William) 1057
Son Robert 18
John Poore 50 892
William Poor 54 517
Son John 15
William Porr 32 518
Jesse Por 21 582

Poor Hollow is where Wm. Poor lived . Circumstantial evidence would suggest Jesse as his father and the patriarch of the other Poore Family members living in the area during the early 1800’s to include: William, David and John. Notice the close proximity between the Cook and Poor property. Nancy Pore married John Cook in 1825 and named a son Jesse.

I believe the following to be true:

Descendants of Jesse Poore

Tombstone Records in Sullivan County

William R. Poore

William R. Poore-----------------------Frances Crawford
January 3, 1828-Sept6, 1876 September 23, 1832 September 30, 1920
D.W. Poore
February 28, 1843---November 5, 1915

Colonial Heights Methodist Church Cemetery:

Ruth A. Poore 1860-1928
Davis Poore June 24, 1868---January 1, 1920

Paperville Cemetery: All on the same stone,

John Henry Poore March 14, 1883---November 19, 1931
M.V. Poor (Mary Duncan) September 14, 1826---September 17, 1886

Who Is Jesse's Father?

Census records in the 1700's for North Carolina list only four men that carried the Pore name, Edward, 1767 in Cumberland County; Andrew, 1769 in Dobbs County; David, 1785 in Montgomery; and Peter, 1790 in Orange County. I have documented in my research that Peter and David were not Jesse’s father. Jesse used the Pore surname up through 1830 where he is listed as Poor in the census record for Sullivan County.

These are the only men, that I have located records for that were old enough to be Jesse's father and who also carry the Pore name. David Pore is listed in Montgomery County as early as 1779. I also found records for David and Edward Pore in Anson County in 1767; three years before Jesse's birth.

Because I have not been able to find Jesse prior to 1807 I suspect he may have been born in western North Carolina, an area that was first part of Washington County. This area eventually became Washington County; Tennessee. Sullivan County was formed from Washington County.

I believe that Jesse's father was originally in Bladen County, established in 1734. David Poore and John Poor were found in Bladen County in 1763. Cumberland County was formed from Bladen County in 1767. In 1750, Anson County is formed from Bladen. David Pore and Edward Pore are listed in Anson County in 1767. Recognizing that, Jesse had sons named John, David and Edward, I believe one of them must be Jesse's father. I believe that David was his first son. Anson County is later divided into three additional counties---Rowan (1758), Mecklenburg (1762), and Montgomery (1779). Rowan County lists William in 1800; he is then listed in Surry County (formed in 1770 from Rowan) in 1830. Wilkes County was formed from Surry in 1777. Thomas is listed in Wilkes by 1783, by 1790 he is gone and the census lists Betty Poor. There is a Pore Knob in Wilkes County. Later census reports do not list any Pore families, although a Jesse Pore is married there in 1851. Betty had two sons listed in the 1790 census younger than Jesse. Mecklenburg County lists Green Poor. Tyron County was formed in 1769 from Mecklenburg. Edward Poore is listed in Tyron in 1779. In 1779, Rutherford County was formed from Tyron County. Sarah Poor is listed in Rutherford in 1790. It is hard to track the relationship between the Mecklenburg family and Jesse, although I believe that there is a relationship.

As I review the above I have to be conscious of the similar names. Jesse had a son Edward and Mason Green. I believe that he had other sons named David (1790’s), John, 1810, and William, 1804. I believe that the family line from Bladen County ending with Wilkes and Rutherford County are related. I believe that David (1776), John (1763), and Edward (1767) are possibly brothers or cousins. The similarity in names is too numerous to be left to chance. If I had to make an educated guess or speculate, I would say that either David, Edward or John is Jesse’s father. The search is made extremely difficult by the lack of surviving records. Census records for western North Carolina are sparse from 1790 through 1820. Jesse was in Sullivan County, Tennessee by 1807. Census records for Sullivan County do not exist for 1790, 1800, 1810, or 1820. An on site review of northwestern counties in North Carolina may provide additional information. At this point I suspect a Poore family DNA study will need to be done to establish the final links. That is a future project and one worth doing.

The Question of DNA?

Evans DNA

I always knew that genetically my DNA would not trace back to my gggrandfather Jesse Poore. My gggrandmother Eliza Poore became pregnant with my great grandfather William Poore before she married Robert Hicks. Robert raised William but was not his biological father. When I talked to my Aunt Dot about this she told me that her aunt Ruthie, said, “the father was an Evans.” Why not, there were plenty of Evans males in Claiborne County, Tennessee at the time.

Last year I decided to do a DNA test to see if I could verify the alleged “Evans” connection. When my results were reported I matched Pleasant Holt who was raised in Grainger County, Tennessee. He was born in 1817. Grainger County adjoins Claiborne County. I was curious and surprised about this and contacted a descendant of Pleasant Holt. I was informed that Pleasant’s DNA did not match his brother Preston. Interesting! Only two ways this could happen; one there was a paternal even or Pleasant was adopted. He was not adopted. After contacting Pleasant’s descendant we soon discovered that we matched the DNA of a descendant of George Abner Evans, born in Georgia in 1859-------------father unknown. It gets more interesting. In her very detailed research Pleasant’s descendant discovered an interesting fact. Pleasant Holt’s alleged father was David Holt. David’s sister Ruth Holt had married Elijah Evans. Elijah and his brother-in-law lived next to each other in Grangier County. It does not take a very active imagination to figure out what may have occurred. Elijah Evans could have been Pleasant Holts biological father----not unheard of then or now. George Abner Evans must have a common male ancestor with Elijah Evans. This is not an impossibility because some of Elijah’s descendants may have settled in Georgia. Elijah’s gggrandfather Walter Evans came to America first, born in England in 1682. One of his brothers could have also come to America with descendants in Georgia. Elijah may have a brother who settled in Georgia. The connection has not been determined, but I obviously connect to the Walter Evans line, at least genetically.

The Georgia connection could also come through a brother of Walter Evans. David Evans from England, born at a date close to Walter was in Maryland during the same period of time. Many of his descendants went to Georgia. This is the Arden Evans line in Georgia. A DNA study of a descendant in this line could be very beneficial. Arden died after 1784 in Wilkes County, Georgia. Arden, Sr. was born in Prince George County, Maryland March 15, 1721/1722. Arden’s children were Thomas, Elijah )”Elisha”), William, Arden, Jr. and David. George Abner Evans has to be linked somewhere in the line. Recognizing that Y-DNA descends through the male line there is obviously a male connection.

I have asked my cousin Bob Evans to do a DNA test and he has agreed. I suspect he and I may have matching DNA.

Poore DNA ?

As I evaluated my DNA and its match with George Abner Evans in Georgia I contacted my distant cousin and partner in crime, Donna Quinn, to see if her father Don Poore, a direct descendant of my ggggrandfather Jesse Poore, would submit a DNA sample. He agreed; Donna and I waited anxiously for the results. I hoped there would be a match with a Poore family in Virginia or North Carolina during the 1700’s. There were numerous DNA matches, a number of exact matches with one dating back to 1187. Surely, the link was to England or the colonies of Virginia, North Carolina or Tennessee in the 1700s. The genetic link was to Great Britain, but not England; the link was to Ireland, specifically Waterford County. This could not be, I am Scots-Irish. I wear orange on St. Patrick’s Day, not green. I knew that my Poore line was not Irish, but English. We were Poores-----------------------wrong!!

There were no matches with any Poores in the DNA database. The majority of DNA matches were with Powers, there was also an exact match with Parr, Ford and Martens. The Parr line was in Virginia and North Carolina. Every Powers match was directly from Ireland and Waterford County.

Jesse Poore’s DNA link went clear to Bartheolomeaux Powers in the early history of Waterford County, Ireland. The DNA chain extends from Ireland into Virginia in the names of Joseph Power, 1725, Walter in 1750, Eliaken in 1759, Eliaken’s brother Jesse in 1760, David Power in 1780, John Allen Parr, Wake Co., N.C. 1814, Mathew Power, 1786, Waterford, Ireland, Robert J. Power,1852, Indiana, and James Power, 1760, New Kent Co., Virginia. The salient question is where do they connect? Who is the common male ancestor? Do we descend from one of the four sons of Batheolomeaux in Waterford?

Native American DNA

Because I have always heard speculation that Jesse Poore’s wife Mary was of the Cherokee Nation I thought it would be useful to do a DNA study to see if this could be proven. Few families would have the direct opportunity that our family has because to get a valid assessment the mt DNA needs to have a direct line from Mary down to a direct female descendant. I sent a DNA kit to my cousin Joy Green. Her direct link back to Jesse’s wife through the maternal line is illustrated below:

Descendants of Mary Morris Poore

1 Mary Morris 1800 -
.. +Jesse Poore 1769 -
........ 2 Mary Poore 1839 -
............ +Carroll
................... 3 Mary Jane Carroll 1857 -
....................... +Grant Poore
............................. 4 Virginia Poore 1892 -
................................. +Robert B. Poore 1887 -
........................................ 5 Dorthy M. Poore 1912 -
............................................ +Travillo
.................................................. 6 Joyce Travillo 1931 –

The direct line is as follows:

Mary Morris Poore
  Daughter Mary Poore Carroll
   Daughter Mary Jane Carroll
    Daughter Virginia Poore
     Daughter Dorthy Poore
      Daughter Joy Green

It is rare to find the DNA line on the maternal side. Joy is the daughter of Dorthy Poore Carwile. Her DNA sample has proven to be an interesting component of the oral history of Mason Green’s descendants that he was part Cherokee because his mother Mary was Cherokee. They also indicate that his middle name was Greenleaf or Greenberry in reference to his heritage. He is listed as Mason Green in the family Bible. His son Mason, Jr. used the name Mason Greenberry on his World War 1 draft registration card. The DNA results demonstrate beyond any doubt that Mary Morris Poore was not Cherokee, but was in fact descended from a single female that existed over 50,000 years ago in Europe in pre-agrarian times. The family Bible that I have that came from Mary Poore to Eliza Poore Hicks, to my great grandfather William to my grandfather Robert, to my father Ross down to me lists “Mason Green” as a son of Jesse. David Poore, born in North Carolina, in 1725 named his last son Green. I have never been able to validate any middle name other than Green for Mason. This DNA study puts to rest the family legend of Cherokee ancestry.

After I received the DNA markers for Jesse Poore and the connection to Powers in Ireland I started to research Powers in the early colonies of the United States. The land warrants of Rockingham, Count, North Carolina provide interesting information. Rockingham County was formed in 1785 from Guilford County. Guilford was formed in 1770 out of Rowan and Orange counties.

  • Jesse Powers was a chain carrier on grant #306 December 11, 1797 on waters of Bellows Creek.
  • Land Grant 319, 1/12/1795 to Jesse Powers, 50 acres.
  • Land Grant 307, 7/26/1795 to Jesse “Poers”, 100 acres. This is the same name on two of Jesse’s land deeds in Sullivan County, Tennessee.
  • Jesse Powers assigned 100 acres to Patrick Towney, 6/7/1795.
  • Chain carrier on Dan River beginning on Bank of Reed Creek, 2/4/1797.
  • Chain carrier on upper Hogan Creek, 5/6/1786.
  • On waters of Lick Fork of Buffalo Island Creek, Henry Powers, chain carrier, 12/31/1796.
  • Hezwkiah Carery 100 acres, warrant #307 issued 7/26/1795 by Alexander McClaren to Jesse Powers for 100 acres of waters of Blews Creek, joins James Wright deceased and includes “the improvement warrant sold April 27, 1796 by Jesse Powers to Patrick Towney. Signed by Jesse Powers.
  • William Dent 150 acres, warrant #2518 issued 5/6 /1786 by William Dent, Guilford entry taker to William Dent for 150 acres on waters of Hogan and Balues Creek on both sides of the main road join claim of Jesse Powers, purchased of John Finley, Michael Henderson and David Lewell, 50 acres survey on 9/7/1793.

As I spend more time researching Jesse it becomes easier to formulate possibilities about his history. All official records I have located list Jesse as being born about 1769/1770 in North Carolina. I found Jesse Poor as a juror in Surry County, North Carolina in 1804. I also found David Poor listed in court documents at the same time. By 1812, they are in Sullivan County, Tennessee. Rowan County was formed in 1753 and comprised most of north-west North Carolina at the time. Give his birth date, etc. I would place Jesse in the Yadkin River triangle in Wilkes and Surry County. I have always had an interest in Betty Poor who is listed in the 1790 census for Wilkes County. The census report list two males over 16 and two under 16 living in her home. In my research I have wondered if Jesse’s father had died in the Revolutionary War. John Poor, from North Carolina, was killed in the war. He served 84 months. His heirs received 640 acres of land. The land warrant was entered on November 30, 1785. William Poor’s heirs received 640 acres on December 22, 1796. When John Poor’s land warrant is compared to early Tennessee land records you find that Constantine Perkins from Green County, Tennessee listed a grant to John Poor on December 20, 1791. The grant was entered on November 30, 1785 on the Water of Sulphur Fork of Red River. David Poor also received 640 acres.

In the census report of Sullivan County, Tennessee in 1820 you find Jesse Pore and David Pore living close to each other. David was listed as 30/40 years of age, which places his birth between 1780 and 1790. He is either Jesse’s son or brother. I suspect son, but can not prove it. The 1830 census lists David as 30/40 years of age, which indicates a birthday after 1790, which would most likely make him Jesse’s son. I have not found David after 1830. Another private, William Poor received 200 acres for service in the war. My research lists Thomas Powers on the 1793 tax list for Sullivan County, Tennessee. Thomas Poore is listed on the Wilkes County, North Carolina tax rolls for the same year. Is this the same individual? On July 27, 1790, Alexander Pore entered into a deed agreement in Wilkes County. Deeds for Wilkes County, North Carolina for 1796-1799 list Robert Powers. On December 29, 1794 there was a deed processed between Jesse Powers of Rockingham County and William Parkhamn for 52 acres of Warriors Fork of the Yadkin River. Jesse Powers was listed on the 1799 tax list for Grainger County, Tennessee. Robert Powers, North Carolina warrant of 640 acres was left to his heirs on September 30, 1785. Davis Power’s 640 acres went to his heirs of Tyrrell County, N.C. The roster of soldiers from N.C. in the American Revolution lists Jesse Powers born in 1750. Jesse Powers is listed on the 1790 census for Burke County, N.C. Burke County was created from Rowan County in 1777. The census lists one male over 16, one under 16, and 5 females. Next to Jesse is Thomas Powers with two males over 16, one under 16 and two females.

Jesse’s DNA makers also match a Parr family born in North Carolina. In consulting N.C. Parr researchers they do not see our lines DNA tied to their line. The DNA markers do not match. The Parr family researcher I consulted felt that a Parr family adopted a Power’s child. There could be two other explanations:
    1. A paternal event in a Parr marriage.
    2. The accent and lack of literacy during the time may have led to a change in the spelling of the Por, Poor, Poore name. We may never know, but it is interesting. The Parr DNA study is a small study. The DNA markers that match Jesse Poore are the only ones that do not watch the Parr samples.
When additional families in the Poore/Power line test, the problem may be solved. One researcher lists David Powers in Pitt County, North Carolina as the father of Elikin Powers, Jesse and Jeremiah. If this is accurate then Jesse could descend from David’s brother, etc. Knowing there is a DNA match provides more focus and direction for research.

Poores in North Carolina

The earliest Poore I have found in North Carolina was Thomas in Albermarle County in 1693. This makes sense because the settlement into North Carolina did not begin until about this time. I have wondered if Thomas is related to the New England Poor family. Virginia lists all of the Poores in the south prior to this time.

The next earliest records that I found are of Edward Pore on the tax lists of Dobbs County in 1746-50. He is also listed in Cumberland County in 1767. Edward Pore signed a deed with John Inman on February 16, 1742 in Edgecombe County. Andrew is also listed in Dobbs County in 1769. The tax list for Rowan County in 1768/72 lists a John Par born in 1730. Par is listed in the Sullivan County, Tennessee census with the Poore clan. The tax records for Bladen County list John and David in 1763. When you compare the two names to the names in Sullivan County the connection has a high probability. Another place to look for Jesse in North Carolina should focus on areas with iron production because of his involvement with this industry in Sullivan County with the Embree brothers. I did find a Jesse and David Poore in Surry County, North Carolina in 1804. Jesse served on a jury and David was a participant in a court case.

Census reports and tax lists in North Carolina list many additional individuals with the Poore name. I list them for research purposes only, and to exclude them as the father of Jesse:

* A substantial amount of research has been done on Moses Poore’s family. Jesse is not listed in his will. Moses eventually settles in Alabama. He is one of the few people I found that is old enough to be Jesse’s father.

I found it of interest that a Jesse Poor is listed in Dauphine County, Pennsylvania in the 1800 census. He is listed as between 26-45 years old. He is listed with 3 boys under 10 and one 10-16 years of age. Also listed on the same census report is William Poore, at least 45 years of age. He is most likely Jesse’s father. This Jesse Poore disappears from Pennsylvania after the 1810 census.

Some Poore researchers believe that the Pennsylvania Jesse is my ancestor. This would make more sense if my Jesse had not purchased 200 acres of property in Sullivan County in 1807; although he could have purchased the property and let a younger son such as David live on it and work it until he brought his family to Tennessee after 1810. Another problem I have with the Pennsylvania Jesse is that he would have been following reverse migration, born in North Carolina in 1769-70, migrate to Pennsylvania by 1800 and back to Tennessee by 1812, not unheard of, but highly unlikely.

The map below provides a specific view of Northwestern North Carolina during the time when Jesse was born. Wilkes and Surry counties were formed from Rowan County. My research leads me to believe that Jesse lived in the area of the Yadkin River in Wilkes, Surry or surrounding counties.

North Carolina County Formation and Distribution
of the Poore Family During That Time

Jesse Poore Bible, prior to 1840.

Jesse Poor's grave is located on Dr. Clark's property in Claiborne County. It is at the end of the lane beyond a red gate. The cemetery is located in the middle of a field surrounded by a fence and grove of trees. The cemetery over looks Lonesome Valley. A sign marks the cemetery as the Neill Nell Cemetery.

Jesse's grave is in the center of the map. Richard and Baxter's graves are located in the valley down the hill from Jesse and Mason. Henry's grave is down the road from Baxter on the Powell River.

Trip to Sullivan and Claiborne County Tennessee

In April, 2004 Chris and I had the opportunity to travel to Sullivan County, Tennessee and spend a week with my cousin Bob Evans and his wife Mary Helen. I had never been to Sullivan County, and considered it an exceptional opportunity to see the country that Jesse Poore entered in the early 1800’s. I not only found the general location of Jesse’s property, but the exact location. Thanks to an individual, Charles Clark, who now owns part of the property I had the opportunity to walk the 201 acres that he referred to as the “Jesse Poore” plantation. I looked at original deeds and discovered that the Embree brothers had signed as witnesses on some of Jesse’s deeds. He must have been fairly close friends with the brothers. Mr. Clark walked me down to the Holston River from his ground and showed me the remains of the Pactolus Boarding House and nail factory. Jesse’s home and property was very close to the Boarding House. Mr. Clark told me that those land owner that mined iron ore on their property did not have to pay taxes. Jesse had an iron ore pit on his property. Mr. Clark also showed me a cemetery on Jesse’s property that had about 15 unmarked graves.

The land that Jesse owned is very beautiful, with abundant water. There is a walnut tree on the property that dates to the 1700’s. Given the location of Jesse’s property it is safe to assume that Jesse must have been known by all and active in local events.

Charles Clark and Ross poore (author) at the location of the Pactolus Boarding House near the Holston River.

Charles Clark at Pactolus Iron Works on Kendrick's Creek in Sullivan Co. Kingsport, Tennesse

This tree is at the south east comer of Jesse's property. His land ran in a pie slice behind the tree into the valley to the east. The tree dates to the early 1800s.

This tree is at the south east comer Charles Clark felt that Jesse's home stood on the location of the sheds identified in this picture. Jesse's property ran up the hill behind the home.

The cemetery with the unmarked graves is adjacent to the tree in the center of the picture, directly below the single tree and below the two green trees.

This is the spring area just below Jesse's home site.

The large tree by the white car is the oak tree marking the corner of Jesse's property. Chris Poore and Bob Evans are walking through the larger cemetery on the property.

Claiborne County Trip

During my trip to Tennessee in April l, 2004 I also spent a few days in Claiborne County. I spent part of the day visiting Middlesboro, Kentucky, my father’s birthplace. I also paid respects to my grandfather’s grave. The most important part of the day was spent visiting the farm my father spent his formative years working and living on. As I walked the ground my Aunt Emma Lee was able to orient me to the locations, etc. l could see my father and his sisters running through the trees and swimming in The Old Yellow Creek. You could almost hear the sound of laughter. During the coal strikes and labor strife this location also witnessed much violence including death. A coal mine official and others died a short distance from the farm. When I walked the location I was struck with how close the farm was to the family church and home on Exeter Avenue. I did not get to spend as much time in Claiborne County as I wanted. I did visit Lonesome Valley and found Jesse Poore’s grave. This required the help of Bob and Mary Evans and my wife Chris.

As evening approached on the first day we were driving up Lonesome Valley, heading to Tazewell to spend the night. We had been down on the-Powell River visiting W.T. Poore’s grave. As we approached the crest of a hill I looked up and saw four 4-wheelers headed directly at us at top speed. Bob was able to avoid three of them, but one hit us head on in the right front bumper of the Ford Explorer. I glanced in the side mirror and saw the four wheeler cartwheeling through the air. My worst fear was that the rider would be killed or at best end up with a broker back, luck was on his side. Chris was first out of the car and rushed to his assistance, she took his pulse, checked for bleeding and broken bones. It soon became obvious that the worst damage was to his right knee. Chris insisted that he not be moved. The county sheriff and an ambulance were called. Bob followed up on his condition and found out that he had been transported to-Knoxville for specialized care. He faced a lot of pain and rehabilitation. As we talked with him people from an adjacent home walked down the road. We told them our-reason for being in the area and they soon identified themselves as Poore’s. The ironic part is that the young man with the injury descends from the Poore line-- his mother is a Poore. I guess it can be said that we literally “ran into a cousin in Lonesome Valley.” It seems like a strange way to meet family. A simple hello would have been sufficient. As they say, “Alls well that ends well”.

Chris Poore, Ross Poore and Many Helen Evans at Jesse and Mary's grave.

Bob Evans and Ross Poore at Jesse's grave. This was a 20 year journey for Ross.

In October, 2004, my cousins, Bob and Don Evans, Dennis and Larry Hunley placed a headstone on Jesse’s grave. They also marked Mary’s grave, Mason’s grave and his wife Nancy Davis’ grave. The only regret I have is that I could not be in Tennessee at the time to help them. My cousin Bob provided the pictures that follow:

Larry Hunley, Dennis Hunley and Bob Evans.

Larry Hunley, Dennis Hunley, and Don Evans.

L-R Front Shelby, Taylor, Simon, Seth, Emily, Back Mary Helen, Michael, Karen, Sharon. On Thanksgiving, 2004, Bob Evans took part of his family to visit Jesse Poore's grave.

Jesse's grave is on the far right in the picture with the stone above it.

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